Cocaine Addiction

Cocaine is a highly addictive drug; a stimulant for the human body. Cocaine is found in the leaves of a coca plant. What makes cocaine so addictive is its effect on the central nervous system. Depending on how a drug user consumes cocaine, the drug’s effects can typically last anywhere from 30 minutes to an hour. Cocaine temporarily enhances alertness, and actually can increase endurance in athletic activities. However, anxiety, paranoia and restlessness are some of the many side effects that cocaine addiction has. Cocaine can hinder the user’s appetite for food.

Cocaine Used Chronically

The chronic use of cocaine can cause feeling receptors to virtually become non-existent. That is caused by brain cells adaptation to strong imbalances of transmitter levels. A tolerance develops requiring higher doses to achieve the same effects. Cocaine causes aches, insomnia and lethargy, and in most cases- runny noses. The depression felt after being high, and lack of sleep can often lead to suicidal tendencies by the drug user when they consume vast quantities.  Since cocaine damages dopamine neurons, larger amounts of cocaine must be consumed in order to receive the previous high that was easily achievable with a much smaller amount. Withdrawing from cocaine is not physically dangerous, however psychologically can cause nightmares, insomnia, increased appetite and agitation. Some physical side effects from smoking cocaine are hemotysis, broncospasm, pruritus, fever, chest pains, lung trauma, sore throat, asthma, hoarse voice, and fatigue. Cocaine’s involuntary tooth grinding effect breaks down tooth enamel and causes tooth decay. This tooth decay can lead to gingivitis. Cocaine can destroy the human body and leave the user wanting more. Snorting cocaine is the most common method of consumption for the recreational use of the powdered cocaine.   The drug is absorbed through the mucous membranes lining the sinuses.  This foreign substance being placed in the nasal cavity causes irritation and damage to the mucus membranes.

Crack Cocaine

Inhalation of cocaine is achieved by heating the drug to the point at which it vaporizes; free basing is common technique. Once cocaine reaches this state, it becomes known as crack. Crack is the street name given to cocaine that has been processed from cocaine hydrochloride to free base for smoking. That then requiring the more volatile method of processing cocaine using ether, crack cocaine is processed with ammonia or baking soda. The water is heated to remove the hydrochloride, thus producing the form of cocaine that can be smoked. The term “crack” refers to the crackling sound heard when the mixture is smoked (heated), presumably from the sodium bicarbonate. Crack has lower purity than cocaine since it is produced by neutralization of cocaine hydrochloride. By-products used to create crack are solutions of baking soda and water. Other materials such sodium carbonate, and entrapped water are also some of the impurities found in crack cocaine.

Smoking crack can produce an immediate high that occurs as soon as vapors hit the lungs, one of the several forms cocaine can be ingested. Inhalation, swallowing, injection, and insufflations (snorting) through the nasal cavity are the four ways cocaine can be consumed into the and by the body.

Injection of Cocaine

Cocaine can cause addiction and even death the very first time it is injected. Injection is the quickest way for cocaine to take effect on the body. In 3 minutes or less a person can start to feel the high from cocaine. Cocaine is injected by being dissolved in water and inserted into the bloodstream directly the use of a needle. Many drug users do not have the proper sterilization equipment to keep themselves risk-free of diseases. Injection brings in the risk of blood-borne infections. When an individual has injected cocaine, they may talk very quickly, and have dilated pupils. The buildup of chemicals is what causes the high effect, which usually wears of quickly.  Chronic drug users, if desperate enough will share needles with other people making them highly prone to the HIV/AIDS and hepatitis. Those diseases cause a person’s immune system to stop properly functioning. Hepatitis affecting the liver can lead to long term health problems.

Cocaine and Other Drugs

Nicotine increases the levels of dopamine in the brain; when cocaine addicts use tobacco products at the same time, they found it enhanced the effects of cocaine. Chain smoking becomes very common, a completely new double faced addiction that can be developed between the two stimulants; cocaine and tobacco. The cardiovascular system can become restricted. When people mix cocaine and alcohol consumption, they are compounding the danger each drug poses and unknowingly performing a complex chemical experiment within their bodies. The National Institute on Drug Abuse funded researchers has found that the human liver combines cocaine and alcohol and manufactures a third substance, coca ethylene, which intensifies cocaine’s euphoric effects, while possibly increasing the risk of sudden death.

The sources trafficking this drug have long been sought after by law enforcement officers. Many ways are possible to smuggle cocaine into the United States, and it’s an everyday battle for police everywhere.

For more information on Narconon cocaine rehab centers call 800-468-6933.

References:

http://www.crackcocaine.us/content/effects-of-injecting-cocaine.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocaine